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The University of Massachusetts Amherst

Scientific Publications: Retracted Publications and Related Topics

Sources of relevant international guidelines

 ... six main sources of relevant international guidelines on conducting, reporting, and editing research: *

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
Promoting integrity in research publication: COPE is a forum for editors and publishers of peer reviewed journals to discuss all aspects of publication ethics. It also advises editors on how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct.

Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (Consort)
CONSORT, which stands for Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials, encompasses various initiatives developed by the CONSORT Group to alleviate the problems arising from inadequate reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Council of International Organizations for Medical Sciences (CIOMS)
An international, non-governmental, non-profit organization established jointly by WHO and UNESCO in 1949.

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
The ICMJE is a group of general medical journal editors whose participants meet annually and fund their work on the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals

World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)
Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals: Established in 1995, WAME (pronounced “whammy”) is a nonprofit voluntary association of editors of peer-reviewed medical journals from countries around the world who seek to foster international cooperation among and education of medical journal editors.

World Medical Association (WMA)
The World Medical Association (WMA) is an international organization representing physicians. It was founded on 17 September 1947, when physicians from 27 different countries met at the First General Assembly of the WMA in Paris. The organization was created to ensure the independence of physicians, and to work for the highest possible standards of ethical behaviour and care by physicians, at all times.

"  ... six main sources of relevant international guidelines on research, its reporting and editorial practice. "
Electronic Document Format (Vancouver) Gollogly Laragh, Momen Hooman. Ethical dilemmas in scientific publication: pitfalls and solutions for editors. Rev. Saúde Pública [serial on the Internet]. 2006 Aug [cited 2013 May 23] ; 40(spe): 24-29. Available from:

Committee on Publication Ethics: Promoting integrity in research publication

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) was established in 1997 by a small group of medical journal editors in the UK but now has over 7000 members worldwide from all academic fields. Membership is open to editors of academic journals and others interested in publication ethics. Several major publishers (including Elsevier, Wiley–Blackwell, Springer, Taylor & Francis, Palgrave Macmillan and Wolters Kluwer) have signed up their journals as COPE members.

Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

World Association of Medical Editors

World Medical Association


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization