Are there standards, either written or unwritten, of ethical conduct of all three actors in the publishing game - authors, reviewers, and editors?
"In the USA at least, the word ”standards” has a specific legal definition. So professional organizations for editors have often shied away from formulating ”standards”; instead, a number of associations and groups have issued policy statements, guidelines, and recommendations for the major parties concerned with scientific publication - authors, reviewers, and editors." Archive of Oncology: Founded 1993: Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Serbia: volume 14: no.2, p.70 Interview
The COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors is designed to provide a set of minimum standards to which all COPE members are expected to adhere. The Best Practice Guidelines are more aspirational and were developed in response to requests from editors for guidance about a wide range of increasingly complex ethical issues. While COPE expects all members to adhere to the Code of Conduct for Journal Editors (and will consider complaints against members who have not followed it), we realise that editors may not be able to implement all the Best Practice recommendations (which are therefore voluntary), but we hope that our suggestions will identify aspects of journal policy and practice that should be reviewed and discussed.
Ethical dilemmas in scientific publication: pitfalls and solutions for editors: Editors of scientific journals need to be conversant with the mechanisms by which scientific misconduct is amplified by publication practices. ... Editors also can be admonished by their peers for failure to investigate suspected misconduct, failure to retract when indicated, and failure to abide voluntarily by the six main sources of relevant international guidelines on research, its reporting and editorial practice.
CSE is a dynamic community of editorial professionals dedicated to the responsible and effective communication of science. Editor Roles and Responsibilities: CSE's White Paper on Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications, 2012 Update
The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.
Inter-connected European information and documentation system for ethics and science: European Ethics Documentation Centre: It is the overall aim of ETHICSWEB to stimulate an enhanced democratic debate on ethical issues of science and to promote a more engaged and informed public.
The European Association of Science Editors (EASE) is an internationally oriented community of individuals from diverse backgrounds, linguistic traditions and professional experience who share an interest in science communication and editing.
European Research Ethics (ERE), the premier link to research ethics resources is a website created within the ETHICSWEB projects. Basically it is a translation of the Swedish CODEX website with special regard to European issues of research ethics.
Interview with Faith McLellan: In the USA at least, the word ”standards” has a specific legal definition. So professional organizations for editors have often shied away from formulating ”standards”; instead, a number of associations and groups have issued policy statements, guidelines, and recommendations for the major parties concerned with scientific publication - authors, reviewers, and editors.
Research Integrity: NIH is fully committed to maintaining public trust in the NIH research enterprise by supporting our grantees in adhering to the highest standards of research integrity. Research integrity includes: the use of honest and verifiable methods in proposing, performing, and evaluating research reporting research results with particular attention to adherence to rules, regulations, guidelines, and following commonly accepted professional codes or norms
A central resource for users to find easily Nature journals' policies on publishing policies relating to ethics: authorship, plagiarism, fabrication, duplicate publication, competing financial interests, confidentiality and pre-publicity
International Journal of Clinical Practice: Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics: a Publisher's Perspective These Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics describe Blackwell Publishing's position on the major ethical principles of academic publishing and review factors that may foster ethical behavior or create problems.