The UMass Amherst Libraries have dozens of books on how to write resumes. Use Résumés (Employment) as a subject heading to find them! Below are a few examples.
It's easy to find lots of advice on what will help you get hired, though it is often contradictory. Here are some articles I found in the Science Careers website from Science Magazine:
Résumé Wisdom by David G. Jensen, October 19, 2012
Powerful writing can move your job application to the top of the pile.
E-Persona Non Grata - Strategizing Your Online Persona by Peter Fiske, July 25, 2008
A little outdated, but it discusses the pitfalls of having embarrassing stuff on social media, and how you can manage what prospective employers will see when they Google you.
They also have a Tools & Tips / How-To section of the website with sections on