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UMass Amherst Libraries

Patents and Trademarks

USPTO Patent Resources

Booklet  General Information Concerning Patents - 2014 pdf

USPTO page on types of patent applications/proceedings


U.S. Patent Number codes  For example A1, B2, E, etc. Created by librarian Michael White.


How to cite a patent 

IEEE style:

Author(s)/Inventor(s). “Name/Title.” Country where patent is registered. Patent number, date.
Example:

E.E. Rebecca. “Alternating current fed power supply.” U.S. Patent 7,897,777, Nov. 3, 1987.


Patents and Patentability Tutorial - University of Minnesota Libraries (2015)

Types of U.S. Patents

 

There are three types of U.S Patents:

Utility - new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or useful improvement thereof (what something does for example an ipod)

Design - new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture (how something looks like the Coca-Cola Bottle)

Plant - asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant (for example the Hydrangea named "Limelight")

USPTO Patent Data

Plant Patents

Although plant patents can be searched on the USPTO website, color photographs of the plants are only available in print at a PTRC.