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ECON 394LI Law and Economics

Case citations

Each case in progress is identified by a number of elements:

  • The party names (e.g. Smith v. Jones, or State v. Accused for a criminal case)
  • The docket number (aka case number)
  • The court level (abbreviations for federal courts can be found here, and for state courts here)
  • The year the case was filed (or the date of document filing)

For example, the citation of an appellate brief of a pending criminal case in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts would be:

Brief of Appellee, Commonwealth v. Joseph Cousin, No. SJC-12252 (Mass. July 2017).

A citation for an appellate brief for a federal Supreme Court case would look like this:

Brief of Respondent, Trump v. International Refugee Assistance Project, No. 16-1436 (U.S. June 12, 2017).