Skip to main content

Art History 370: Junior Year Writing

Reference resources

Electronic reference

Reference books are usually encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, atlases, etc. They are intended to provide quick, reliable information, summaries of complex matters, and, very importantly, bibliographies--suggestions for futher reading.Some are in print; others online.

These reference materials are customarily written by experts in their fields, so they are more trustworthy than Wikipedia--all have gone through a process of editorial review. For an illustrated explanation, see the home page presentation, "What is a referred or scholarly article?"

Reference Sources


Art encyclopedias:

The Dictionary of Art. New York: Grove’s Dictionaries, 1996. 34v. Ref N31.D5 1996. Also online.

Encyclopedia of World Art. New York, McGraw-Hill [1959-c1987]. 17v. Ref N31.E56

The Oxford Dictionary of Art  Ref N33.O93 2004

The HarperCollins dictionary of art terms and techniques.  Ref N33.M37 1991


Leonardo self-portrait

Biographical Dictionaries:

Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon: die bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker. Saur. München: Saur, 1992-2002. 33 v. N40. A63 1992

Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Paris: Gründ, 2006. 14v. Ref N40.D5213 2006

Dictionary of Women Artists. 2 vols. Ref N8354 .D53 1997

Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975.  Ref N6536 .W56 1999 +

Who's Who in American Art. Ref N6536. W62

Who's Who in Art. Ref N40. B46 1999


Villa Savoie


The architecture student's handbook of professional practice.   Ref NA1996 .A726 2009

A dictionary of architecture & landscape architecture  Ref NA31.C864 2006

Encyclopedia of architecture: design, engineering & construction. Ref NA31.E59 1988

Encyclopedia of 20th century architecture.   Ref NA680 .E495 2004

Encyclopedia of the vernacular architecture of the world.   Ref NA208.E53 1997


Classical statue

Classical sources:

The Oxford guide to classical mythology in the arts, 1300-1990's.   Ref NX650.M9R45 1993

Brill's New Pauly : encyclopaedia of the ancient world. Ref  DE5 .N4813 2002

The Oxford companion to classical civilization. Ref DE5 .O92 1998

Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. Red DE5 .S7 1867


"ArchNet is an international online community for architects, planners, urban designers, landscape architects, conservationists, and scholars, with a focus on Muslim cultures and civilisations."

ArchNet has a digital image library, which can be accessed here. It does require individual registration to use.